Italian wine is produced in every region of Italy, home to some of the oldest wine-producing regions in the world. Italy is the world's largest producer of wine, with an area of 702,000 hectares.
Twenty-one red grape varieties compose Italy’s major varieties for red wine. Four of these are especially important including Sangiovese, Nebbiolo, Barbera and Aglianico. Others common varieties include; Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cannonau, Corvina, Dolcetto, Lagrein, Lambrusco, Merlot, Montepulciano, Negroamaro, Nero d’Avola, Pinot Nero, Primitivo, Refosco, Sagrantino, Schiava and Teroldego.